In 1475 two Jewish men, rabbi Mosé Maturel and his son-in-law Muysé, and a Christian friend, Alfonso de Córdoba, walked into the office of one of Seville’s many Christian notaries.
Karen B. Graubart is Associate Professor of Latin American history at the University of Notre Dame with appointments or affiliations in Romance Languages and Literatures, Gender Studies, Africana Studies, and the Initiative on Race and Resilience, among others. She works on the interrelations between race, ethnicity, and gender, as in her With Our Labor and Sweat: Indigenous Women and the Formation of Colonial Society in Peru, 1550-1700 (Stanford, 2007) as well as law and politics, in her in-progress monograph, Republics of Difference: Religious and Racial Self-Governance in the Iberian Atlantic (under contract with Oxford University Press). Her latest article, "Pesa más la libertad: Slavery, Legal Claims, and the History of Afro-Latin American Ideas," appears in the William and Mary Quarterly 78:3 (2021). She is currently a member of the Institute for Advanced Study and working on a new project on free Black collectivities and collective action in early Panama. She is a founder of La Patrona Collective for Colonial Latin American Scholarship and co-director of the Tepoztlán Institute for the Transnational History of the Americas.