Al-Idrīsī’s Map (1154)
By Jesús R. Velasco | Published on October 1, 2019
The Library of Congress hosts a digital version of Konrad Miller’s “restoration” of Al-Idrīsī’s Map of 1154. As it is well known, the south is at the top of the map, and the north is at the bottom. Likewise, the east is at on the left side, and the west on the right side. This is an “inverted” map in relation to common representations of the cardinal points. However, a medieval map is more often than not an horizontal device, and the reader moves around the map to read it in many directions. But it is true that this map was conceived to be read from the north (bottom), as the script is oriented that way.
Idrīsī, Approximately, and Konrad Miller. Weltkarte des Idrisi vom Jahrn. Ch., Charta Rogeriana. Stuttgart: Konrad Miller, 1928. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2007626789/>.