Traditional medical men tended to focus primarily on the body, especially, when writing about women, on the uterus, as the primary source of physical and psychological discomfort.
Barbara Mujica is a professor emerita at Georgetown University and a specialist on early modern Spanish literature and theater, the Spanish mystics, and early modern women. Her most recent scholarly books are Women Writers of Early Modern Spain: Sophia’s Daughters (Yale University Press, 2004), Teresa de Avila, Lettered Woman (Vanderbilt University Press, 2008), Shakespeare and the Spanish Comedia (ed.) (Bucknell University Press, 2013), A New Anthology of Early Modern Spanish Theater: Play and Playtext (Yale University Press, 2014), Women Religious and Epistolary Exchange in the Carmelite Reform: The Disciples of Teresa de Ávila (Amsterdam University Press 2020), and Collateral Damage: Women Write about War (University of Virginia Press 2022). In 2015, she received the President’s Medal from the University. In 2016, she received the FLL Distinguished Service Medal, and in 2017, the Dean’s Medal for Excellence in Teaching. She is also a novelist whose works include Frida (Overlook Press, 2001), Sister Teresa (Overlook Press, 2007), I Am Venus (Overlook 2013), and Miss del Río (Harper Collins 2022).